Warehousing logistics refers to the management of the flow of resources and commodities from their manufacturing depots to their point of consumption, keeping in mind the demand of local markets. The idea initially cropped up from the military sector where the need was to keep the armed troops regularly supplied with ration, arms and ammunition, as they moved forth from their base point.
Houston logistics solutions regarding when and how to transport resources to army bases occupy a prominent place since, without timely provisions, an army is as good as defenceless.
Nowadays logistic solutions have gained importance in various other sectors like manufacturing, import, exports, wholesaling, customs and most importantly transport businesses. The concept of logistics as a business came up due to the increasing complexities of supplying commodities to the target areas in a globalised supply chain. It essentially includes planning and implementing activity forecast for business houses regarding an efficient supply chain management based on statistics and market trends. It also provides a cost-effective, yet result oriented transportation strategy since transportation and delivery of goods is the key element of the logistic process.
Warehouse and distribution management system form the central kiosk of such a supply chain, controlling the receipt, storage and movement of materials within a warehouse and involving processes like transactions, shipping, receiving, picking, loading, unloading, etc. Today inventory planning, cost management and communication technology also constitute a part of logistics solution for transportation businesses.
With Warehouse and distribution costs escalating higher and higher with every passing day, reaching the customer most efficiently with minimum investments is a major criterion to all the manufacturers over the world. However, for these, a proper market assessment for the local demand of the product in different regions is a prerequisite. Then a slotting analysis has to be done to decide upon the distribution centre design, layout and setup.
There must also be an accommodation for re-slotting of distribution centres complying with the changing market statistics. All these have to be accomplished keeping an appropriate balance between cost and availability of space, easy access to transportation and reasonable labour charges. A study of transport logistics is all that is required to come up with the best available solution to the manufacturers in this respect.
Throughout the 20th century traditional methods of transport logistics have been declining, giving way to modern techniques like Just In Time (JIT) system which delivers goods directly from the suppliers to the customers end without involving the intermediary step of warehousing the products. This reduces the cost of transportation, the time required to complete the task as well as he security risks involved with the process. However, warehouses become an unavoidable necessity in cases that require off shoring activities. A logistic planner thus needs to consider all these factors before suggesting the best locations for warehouses.
Also nowadays, the recent version of warehouse-styled retail outlets has gained enormous popularity in the market. This idea ofutilising the warehouse and distribution dually as storage and distribution depots highly appeal to the modern day manufacturers because besides reducing the end cost to the buyers, it boosts the production sales ratio too. The introduction of internet and e-commerce has also left a strong impact on the development of logistic solutions in the field of warehouse and distribution.
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